China’s Geostrategy: A Eurasianist ResponseMay 6, 2013
Last week, I posted several items about US geostrategy that, together, paint a picture of a maritime picket being drawn around China. China, of course, is not simply a passive participant in all this. She, too, has cards to play. She is building up her own naval forces, maintaining her own military alliances, and pursuing her own advantageous economic and diplomatic positions. The Anglo-American strategy has for over a century called “Atlanticism” and has been confronted with various versions of “Eurasianism” as a challenger. “Atlanticism” no longer holds as an accurate descriptor, as most of the maritime buildup is focused on the Indo-Pacific region. However, Eurasianism is still a viable counterweight to this naval strategy. Like Russia before her (and Germany before that), China seeks to build up a power base by dominating the Eurasian heartland. Robert Cutler, writing for the Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst, examines China’s deliberate movements into the Eurasian energy heartland and some of its geopolitical ramifications.
From Dr. Cutler’s conclusion:
If Putin’s greeting of Xi in Moscow on the latter’s first foreign trip as Chinese president represents Russia’s playing of the “China card” against the U.S. four decades after U.S. President Richard Nixon played it against (Soviet) Russia, then Xi’s visit to Moscow together with his focus on the Asia-Pacific region may be taken as his own reply to the American “pivot to Asia.” And if Putin appears to be seeking a grand bargain from Berlin to Beijing, excluding the U.S., then Xi may be seen as seeking his own, from Moscow to Manila (or Mindinao, or indeed Melbourne). From this diplomatic confluence, and given its richness in natural resources, Kazakhstan only gains advantage from both sides, by following its long-established “multi-vector” foreign policy strategy.